1, the most familiar socks material fabric: (Cotton)
Usually we all like to wear pure cotton socks, but is cotton 100% cotton? The answer from the socks expert is no. If the composition of a pair of socks is 100% cotton, then the pair of socks is cotton. Generally, socks with a cotton content of more than 75% can be called cotton socks, and socks with a cotton content of 85% are very high-grade cotton socks.
The shortcomings of cotton fabrics are not resistant to sunlight, easy to yellow, poor elasticity, easy to wrinkle, mildew, and abrasion resistance. Therefore, cotton socks need to add some functional fibers to maintain the elasticity, fastness and comfort of the socks. Spandex, nylon, acrylic, polyester, etc. are very common functional fibers. Socks that do not contain these functional fibers are not good socks.
Combed cotton is a long, neat cotton fiber that is left behind by the use of a machine called a comber to remove shorter fibers from ordinary fibers. Due to the removal of short cotton fibers and other fibrous impurities, the cotton yarn spun from the combed cotton is finer, and the finished product has a smoother and more comfortable hand, which is a better quality in cotton.
Mercerized cotton is a cotton fiber obtained by subjecting ordinary cotton fibers to a mercerizing process in a concentrated alkali solution. Under the premise that the performance of other physical indexes does not change, this kind of cotton fiber has better gloss than ordinary cotton fiber, and is relatively shiny. It is like silk composition, feels more lubricious, and is less prone to wrinkle. The material of mercerized cotton is often seen in thin socks in summer.
2, warm socks material fabric: (wool)
Wool is another common sock fabric. Wool socks are characterized by excellent warmth but relatively expensive. It is not very useful for general work, but it is a good choice for home socks in a room without heating. Wool socks have good warmth and good anti-odor effect, but the moisture absorption of wool socks is not unlimited, and the sweaty feet are not suitable for wearing wool socks. Inferior wool socks are also easy to pilling.
3, socks must be material material composition: (Spandex)
Spandex is commonly known as elastic fiber. It has high elasticity and strong stretchability. Its stretch length can reach 5-7 times that of fibrils. The textile products added with spandex can maintain the original contour. The composition of the socks must contain spandex to make the socks elastic and retractable, easier to wear, and make the socks more close to the foot, just like a swimsuit can be tightly wrapped in the footsteps, so as not to slip off. So spandex is almost a must for all socks.
Lycra is actually a spandex fiber. In layman’s terms, Lycra is spandex and spandex is Lycra.
Unlike conventional elastic fibers, Lycra has a stretch of up to 500% and can slowly return to its original shape. That is to say, the fiber can be stretched very easily, but it can be attached to the surface of the human body after being recovered, and the binding force to the human body is small. Lycra fiber can be used with any fabric, including wool, hemp, silk and cotton, to increase the fabric’s fit, elasticity and loose natural characteristics. Moreover, unlike most spandex yarns, Lycra has a special chemical structure that does not grow mildew in a wet-heat sealed space after wet water.
Lycra is known as a “friendly” fiber, not only because it can be thoroughly blended with natural and man-made fibers, but also to increase the comfort, fit, freedom and longevity of the fabric or garment.